A Sacred Land of Democratization, Righteous City, Gwangju
Gwangju city’s righteous history spans the army movement at the end of the Joseon Dynasty, the Gwangju Students Independence Movement during the Japanese colonial period, and the 1980 May 18 Gwangju Democratization Movement, making Gwangju a city of democracy, human rights, and peace. The May 18 Gwangju Democratization Movement, which protested against the tyranny of the military regime, had a profound impact on democratization movements in Asian nations craving freedom and justice from dictatorships. The Records of the May 18 Democratization Movement were listed in the UNESCO Memory of the World Register on May 25, 2011, and are recognized for their world historical value. In May 2020, May 18 was designated as a local public holiday to mark the 40th anniversary of the Democratization Movement.
Artificial Intelligence Centered City: Economic Gwangju
With artificial intelligence at the core of the 4th Industrial Revolution, Gwangju is leading the way through the “AI Hub City Gwangju Project,“ and taking the lead in creating the “AI Four Major Powers in Korea.“ In January 2019, the company attracted an R&D project called “Artificial Intelligence-centered Industrial Convergence Complex“ and will invest 411.6 billion won by 2024 and 1 trillion won by 2029 to establish the resources and necessary infrastructure to develop artificial intelligence, such as data centers, demonstration buildings and start-up childcare programs. It is also operating an artificial intelligence academy to actively attract globally competitive domestic and international AI companies, and to foster human resources specializing in artificial intelligence. In addition, four industrial complexes covering 4.37㎢ were designated as free economic zones in Gwangju in June 2020, paving the way for regional innovation industries such as artificial intelligence, eco-friendly cars and new energy projects to take a leap forward by attracting investment from home and abroad.
Gwangju Global Motors auto plant, the first model of the Gwangju-type Job seeking unprecedented social integration-type labor-management co-prosperity, is also being pushed forward with the aim of mass-producing 100,000 compact SUV cars by September 2021. The Gwangju-type Job auto plant was designated as the nation's first "win-win regional job project" in June 2020 and secured 294.4 billion won in state budget, including a labor-management co-growth support center and a hub-type public workplace daycare center.
Asian Culture Center City, Elegant City, Gwangju
Gwangju, the city of art, has produced numerous artists, including Pansori master Gukchang Im Bang-ul, Oriental painter Eui-jae Heo Baek-ryeon, Chinese contemporary musician Jung Yul-seong and poet Park Yong-cheol. Following this tradition, Gwangju has been reborn as a cultural capital of Korea and a cultural hub of Asia, hosting the Gwangju Biennale and Design Biennale, a world-class festival in the field of contemporary art and design. The Asia Cultural Center opened in November 2015, and the nation's longest project (2003-2023) is underway to firmly establish Gwangju as an Asian cultural hub. The city also hosted the Universiade Gwangju 2015, which was a low-cost, high-efficiency event and a cultural festival with youths from around the world. Based on this experience, the city then successfully held the 2019 Gwangju World Swimming Championships, where 12,800 athletes from 191 countries participated. Key aspects of Gwangju's unique identity are being developed as unique tourism products through commercialization, branding, and industrialization, including representative foods such as rice balls, a symbol of the sharing and solidarity of the Gwangju spirit, as well as Gwangju's representative communities (cultural and ecological) and representative performances (Sangseol Gugak).
Carbon-neutral Energy Self-reliant City
In July 2020, Gwangju announced the Gwangju-type AI-Green New Deal vision, to become a carbon-neutral energy self-reliant city by 2045. In connection with artificial intelligence, the city will be transformed into a carbon-neutral energy self-reliant city that directly produces, supplies and consumes energy within the city, including renewable energy, ESS for buildings, fuel cell power plants, and electric and hydrogen charging stations. By 2030, it will achieve the ‘2030 Enterprise RE100’ that will replace all of the power needed by companies with eco-friendly renewable energy, and by 2035, it will achieve the ‘2035 Gwangju RE100’ that will replace all of Gwangju’s electricity usage with renewable energy, and by 2045, it will realize the city of Gwangju as an energy self-reliant city that does not depend on energy from the outside.
- Department of Policy Planning : +82-(0)62-613-2321